What are the legal bases for the current relocation Programme?
Individuals who enter via relocation have the same legal status as asylum seekers or asylum applicants. They are currently entitled to the following benefits:
Residence: Individuals entering are first of all given a certificate of arrival at the registration at the initial reception centre. After submitting the application for asylum at a branch office of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees, they are given a temporary residence permit under Section 55 AsylG (Asylum Act) for the duration of the asylum process.
Social security benefits: The individuals receive benefits under the Benefits for Asylum Seekers’ Act (Asylbewerberleistungsgesetz).
Work: Three months after receiving the temporary residence permit, these individuals may work if they obtain a work permit from the employment agency (Jobcenter) and the consent of the Immigration Office.
Place of residence: Individuals are required to take up residence in the place determined by the authorities.
Family reunification: They are not eligible for family reunification during the asylum process. Individuals who are then recognised as refugees under the Geneva Convention (Section 25 (II) AufenthG) need to apply within three months after the successful asylum procedure to be eligible for family reunification without further pre-conditions.
Integration: During the ongoing asylum procedure, individuals from Iraq, Iran, Syria, Somalia, and Eritrea may attend an integration course by the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees. The integration course covers 600 to 900 hours and in the best case scenario concludes with a B1 certificate.