To begin the conference the German Caritas Association as co-chair presented an NGO statement, which was prepared by the international NGO community in anticipation of the ATCR. The statement, critical of recent developments, reinforces the importance of resettlement and calls on countries to accept the responsibility.
“We urge governments to live up to their commitments made in the New York Declaration and provide resettlement places and legal pathways on a scale that meets the needs identified by the UNHCR.”
The main theme this year was the reduction of places set aside by various countries. The UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi, pointed out that declining acceptance quotas contrasted the growing need. He emphasized that resettlement is an important instrument and that more states should be convinced to take part in. Since 2016, there are 35 countries that accept resettlement refugees. Among those, two thirds of the refugees were received by only five of those countries. Pursuant to the Projected Global Resettlement Needs Report for 2019, which the UNHCR traditionally presents at the ATCR, the worldwide resettlement need for 2019 rose from 1.2 million to 1.4 million in the past year. Syrian Refugees remain for the 3rd year in a row the group with the highest relocation need, followed by refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo and South Sudan. Because of continuing crises, the greatest need in general remains on the African continent. Especially those incarcerated in Libya and Niger must be evacuated, something that must not be forgotten. In the last seven months, 1600 people have already been evacuated, but among them only 174 have been resettled.
The conference picked up with further developments in podium discussions and subject forums on a variety of topics. On the first day, the UNHCR regional directors reported on the needs, developments and challenges in the different world regions. Emphasis was placed on long lasting refugee situations, refugees with special needs, and the role of NGOs in the identification of those in special need of protection and instances of massive influx of refugees into certain countries. On the second day, the projections for improvements in the quality and effectiveness of the resettlement process were discussed, along with how new partners from researchers and private industry can work together and how innovative projections can improve and strengthen resettlement. Particularly discussed was the increased inclusion of experiences and voices from refugees. At the ATCR, several representatives of the refugee community took part. Rosemine Mutamuliza, resettled to New Zealand, expressed that point as follows:
“Resettlement programs can benefit enormously from lived experiences of former refugees. They are best placed to understand their own needs and help others integrate.”
The Deputy High Commissioner Volker Türk advocated in his report for political strength in leadership, saying that the use of resettlement to protect vulnerable groups is a collective responsibility. He emphasized the necessity of political statements to support this responsibility. Overall, many NGOs combat the negative perceptions and lacking public support for resettlement. Clear information and statements from the political side are needed. The exhibition of successful resettlement practices was well received at the conference. The cooperation between NGOs and research institutes (think tanks) will presumably become more important for these successes.
At the end of the conference the position of Chair was passed to the United Kingdom, which will preside over the conference next year.
The conference provided updates on Twitter under the hashtag #ATCR2018.