What current relocation programmes exist in the EU?
Due to the sharp increase in the immigration of people seeking protection within the European Union, several relocation programmes have been adopted in the past. Between 2010 and 2011, for example, around 102 African refugees from Malta were received in Germany as part of the “Intra-EU Relocation from Malta Project”.
In 2015, two new relocation programmes were adopted by the EU member states (2015/1523, 2015/1601). In May 2015, the European Union initially adopted a relocation programme for 40,000 persons from Italy and Greece. This was followed by a further relocation programme for 120,000 persons seeking protection in September 2015. According to these decisions, a total of 160,000 persons from Greece, Italy and Hungary are to be received by various EU countries within 2 years. Following the decisions, Hungary has renounced its participation in the relocation programme, so that resettlement will only take place from Italy and Greece. So far, a total of around 34,705 persons have been resettled in the European Union (as of 30.10.2018). Germany should take in more than 27,400 persons by September 2017 within the framework of the relocation programmes. According to the European Commission, Germany has taken in 5,391 persons from Greece and 5,446 persons from Italy (as of 30.10.2018).
Since the beginning of March there have been commitments from various European countries to take in unaccompanied children and young people who have fled Greek refugee camps. Some German cities supported this project in an open letter. The German Federal Government declared its willingness to provide 1,621 reception places for unaccompanied minors together with France, Luxembourg, Portugal, Ireland, Finland, Croatia, Lithuania, Belgium, Switzerland and Bulgaria. A total of around 5,200 unaccompanied minors live in Greece. In a first step, Luxembourg took in 12 and Germany 47 children and young people. At the end of August, the Federal Ministry of the Interior confirmed the admission of 347 persons, including 53 unaccompanied minors and 68 sick children, brought by air from Greece to Germany (as of 26 August 2020). At the beginning of September, the number of persons admitted was 465 (as of 3 September 2020). A further 1.553 people are to be admitted in Germany (as of 16 September 2020). The first 101 persons of this contingent arrived on 16 October 2020 and were initially accommodated in the border transit camp Friedland. After two Covid-19 tests, the persons will be distributed among several Länder.
More detailed information on the first recordings can be found in the Federal Government’s answer to the parliamentary question by the parliamentary group of the AfD (- printed matter 19/19706 -).